Beginners Crochet Instructions and Stitches
to do with your right and left hand, and chain, single and double crochet stitches.
BEGIN BY MAKING A LOOP:
1. Grasp thread near end between thumb and forefinger of left hand.
2. Make loop by lapping long thread over short thread.
3. Hold loop in place between thumb and forefinger (figure 1).
4. Take hold of broad bar of hook as you would a pencil.
5. Put your hook through loop, catch long end of thread, draw it through (figure 2).
6. Do not remove hook from thread.
7. Pull short end and ball thread in opposite directions to bring loop close around the end of hook, but not too tight (figure 3).
WHAT TO DO WITH THE LEFT HAND:
1. Measure with your eye about 4 inches down ball thread from loop on needle.
2. At about this point insert thread between your ring and little fingers. (Palm of hand facing up - figure 4).
3. Bring thread toward back, under little and ring fingers, over the middle finger, and under the forefinger toward the thumb (figure 5).
4. Grasp needle and loop between thumb and forefinger of left hand.
5. Gently pull ball thread so that it lies around the fingers firmly but not tightly (figure 6).
6. Catch knot of loop between thumb and forefinger.
WHAT TO DO WITH THE RIGHT HAND:
1. Take hold of broad bar of hook as you would a pencil.
2. Bring middle finger toward to rest near tip of hook (figure 7).
3. Before you begin the chain stitch, adjust fingers of left hand as in figure 8. The middle finger is bent in such a way as to regulate the tension, while the ring and little fingers prevent the thread from moving to freely. As you practice, you will become more familiar with the correct position.
Keep in mind that the motion of the hook in the right hand and the thread in the left hand should be easy and smooth. One of the most common faults of beginners is either to crochet to tightly or too loosely. Ease will come with practice. If you crochet too tight or your hands sweat, try some powder on your hands.
1. Pass your hook under thread and catch thread with hook. (This is called yarn over - figure 9).
2. Draw thread through loop on hook. This makes one chain (abbreviation ch). Do not work too tightly.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until you have as many chain stitches as you need. One Loop always remains on hook (figure 10).
4. Always keep thumb and forefinger of your left hand near stitch on which you are working.
5. Practice making chains until they are even in size.
Make a foundation chain of 20 stitches for a practice piece.
1. To begin row, insert hook from the front under the two top threads of second chain (ch) from hook (figure 11).
2. Catch thread with hook (yarn over) (figure 12) and draw through stitch (st). There are now two loops on hook (figure 13).
3. Yarn over and draw through two loops. (One loop remains on hook). One single crochet (sc) is now completed. (figure 14).
4. For next single crochet, (sc), insert hook under two top threads of next stitch (st) and proceed as before. (Repeat steps 2 and 3).
5. Repeat until you have made a single crochet (sc) in every chain.
6. At end of row of single crochets, chain 1 (figure 15).
7. Turn your work so that the reverse side is facing you (figure 16).
1. Insert hook from the front under the two top threads of second stitch from hook. (First stitch on previous row).
2. Repeat steps 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 in directions for first row.
1. Repeat second row.
1. At end of fourth row, do not make a turning chain.
2. Cut thread about 3 inches from work, bring loose ind through the one loop remaining on hook and pull tightly (figure 17).
3. Now you have completed your practice piece in single crochet.
Note: In all crochet it is customary to pick up the two loop threads of every stitch as you work, unless otherwise specified. When only the back stitch is pick up, a different effect is produced, known as Rib stitch.
TURNING YOUR WORK:
In crochet a certain number of chain stitches is added at the end of every row to bring work in position for the next row. Then the work is turned so that the reverse side is facing the worker. You have noticed that in the single crochet, one chain only is used for turning. The number of turning chains depends on the stitch with which you intend to begin the next row. The exact number will be indicated in the directions. The turning chain (tch) always counts as the first stitch.
Make a foundation chain of 20 stitches for practice piece.
1. Te begin row, yarn over and insert hook from the front under the two top threads of 4th chain from hook (figure 18).
2. Yarn over and draw through stitch. There are now three loops on hook.
3. Yarn over (figure 19) and draw through 2 loops. (Two loops remain on hook, figure 20).
4. Yarn over again and draw through the two remaining loops. (One loop remains on hook). One double crochet (dc) is now completed (figure 21).
5. For next double crochet, yarn over, insert hook from the front under the two top threads of next stitch and proceed as before. (Repeat steps 2, 3, and 4).
6. Repeat until you have made a double crochet in each chain.
7. At end of row, chain 3 (ch 3) (figure 22) and turn. The 3 chains count as first double crochet in next row.
1. To begin row, yarn over, insert hook from the front under the two top threads of the 5th stitch from hook. (Second stitch on previous row).
2. Repeat steps 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 (figure 23).
THIRD AND FOURTH ROWS:
1. Repeat second row.
2. Finish off at end of fourth row by cutting thread about 3 inches away from last double crochet. Bring end through the loop and pull tightly.